Multiple Means of Engagement
The UDL framework principle, Provide Multiple Means of Engagement (MME), has been referred to as the “why” of learning (Rose & Meyer, 2002), or the motivation for learning. The affective networks of the brain determine how learners get engaged and stay motivated and how learners are challenged, excited, or interested (National Center on UDL, 2011). Affect, or emotions and feelings, impact student learning (Immordino-Yang & Damasio, 2007; Rose & Dalton, 2009). To aid student learning, it is important to establish nonthreatening, welcoming environments.
The National Center on Universal Design for Learning describes Multiple Means of Engagement in this way:
The Center provides expanded Guidelines with examples under each Checkpoint to increase the understanding of ways to Provide Multiple Means of Engagement. Below are some specific examples of Multiple Means of Engagement that a postsecondary instructor might use.
Some Ways to Provide Multiple Means of Engagement in Postsecondary Classes
- Integrate podcasts/video/video conferencing options for lectures
- Accept format choice (oral, written, visual) in assignments
- Create safe, welcoming learning environments
- Integrate service learning opportunities
- Allow video, audio, or written options for self-reflection
- Use individual response system such as clickers or response cards
- Include scaffolding to support novices
- Incorporate individual, partner, small group, and large group activities
- Use rubrics to heighten salience of objectives